Liposuction is a surgical procedure intended to remove fat deposits and shape the body. Fat is removed from under the skin with the use of a vacuum-suction canula (a hollow pen-like instrument) or using an ultrasonic probe that emulfsies (breaks up into small pieces) the fat and then removes it with suction.
Persons with localized fat may decide to have liposuction to remove fat from that area. Liposuction is a procedure for shaping the body and is not recommended for weight loss.
Liposuction may be performed on the abdomen, hips, thighs, calves, arms, buttocks, back, neck, or face. A liposuction procedure may include more than one site, for instance, the abdomen, back, and thighs all on the same day.
Liposuction is also used to reduce breast size in men with large breasts (gynecomastia) or to remove fat tumors (lipomas) but it is most commonly used for cosmetic body shaping.
Areas most commonly treated with liposuction include the chin and neck, hips, abdomen, inner and outer thighs, knees and ankles, and buttocks. This procedure also may be used to treat a condition called gynecomastia, or male breast enlargement, which occurs among both teenage and adult men.
The best candidate for this procedure is a person of average or slightly above-average weight, in good health, with a localized area of fat that does not respond well to diet and exercise. Liposuction is not an effective treatment for patients with cellulite (the dimpled skin that typically appears on the thighs, hips and buttocks) or loose, saggy skin.
During liposuction, the fat cells are removed permanently, so if you gain weight after the procedure it usually will not concentrate in the area that was treated. However, it is important to understand that your procedure will not prevent you from gaining weight. To keep your new shape and new weight after liposuction, you must follow a proper diet and exercise plan.